What is broken heart syndrome?

Who has never broken his heart? Our patriotic but also international celebrities are a living showcase that stages this type of situations. Chenoa comes to mind that David Bisbal, charged in between, left very affected. Nor can we forget Jennifer Aniston that actor Brad Pitt left shattered. And what about Lady Di that the whole world does not know?

When we speak of a broken heart, we imagine that we are referring to a metaphorical figure drawn from literature, but nothing is further from reality. The 'broken heart syndrome' really exists. It is known by this name, but also as 'Stress cardiomyopathy' or 'TakoTsubo syndrome'' The latter name derives from a kind of amphoras used by Japanese fishermen to capture octopi. These traps are narrow in the upper part and wide and thin walled in their lower portion, in such a way that the octopus easily penetrates inside but later has difficulty leaving.

It affects women

The illness is usually triggered by a stress situation that is generated suddenly. A love disappointment, the news of a death, economic ruin, an accident ... It seems that it can also be produced by good news, so be very careful If you get the coupon or the lottery, take it with the greatest peace of mind in the world, do not give it a second thought, as it is popularly said, since it is proven that this could happen.

This condition mainly affects women who have passed the menopause, although it can occur at any age and also affect men. It could be more frequent than we can imagine. As published, in France it would affect some 5,000 people annually. According to different statistics, 1 or 2% of people diagnosed with a heart attack could suffer it. It occurs mainly in the months of spring or summer, contrary to heart attacks, which occur in winter more frequently.

The symptomatology is similar to that of myocardial infarction. Oppressive pain in the anterior chest area, with irradiation to the arm or neck, accompanied, among other symptoms, by sweating, cold and a sense of death and even loss of consciousness. So far the similarities with this disease since in these cases the symptoms do not usually improve with the usual treatment for the infarction, since they are different processes.

In the 'heart syndrome' broken the stress situation triggered toFecta to areas of the brain related to emotions and other parts, such as the autonomic nervous system, with the consequent production of various substances that affect the heart, such as adrenaline, for example. This causes a dilation of the cardiac muscle, in such a way that it takes the form of the traps for cephalopods that we have described and, as a consequence, the entire clinical picture is triggered. So it is a condition of the heart muscle, which dilates.

Does not leave sequels

Those who suffer from it may be a priori healthy people, without presenting the typical narrowing or obstruction of the coronary arteries of patients with angina or chest infarction. Neither do there have to be previous risk factors such as high cholesterol, obesity or smoking. The treatment is symptomatic and the prognosis of this disease is good, it is limited in time and in the majority of the occasions, it does not leave sequels.

Whatever the cause of your distress, we advise you to try to take things as calmly as possible. If he can not help it, he can always remember what the Lebanese poet said: "If it does not break, how will your heart open up?"

What produces it?

It is usually triggered by a sudden stress situation.

Who is affected?

Fundamentally to women who have gone through menopause.

What are the symptoms?

Oppressive pain in the anterior area of ​​the chest, with irradiation to the arm or neck.

What harm?

It dilates the left ventricle and this causes the symptoms.

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Video: Dr. Mary Ann McLaughlin on "Broken Heart Syndrome" (February 2020).